FM 6–22 Appendix B (Counseling)

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The fol­low­ing PDF is an excerpt of FM 6–22 which includes the entirety of Appen­dix B (Coun­sel­ing). Major sec­tions include:

  • types of devel­op­men­tal counseling
  • the leader as a counselor
  • the qual­i­ties of the counselor
  • accept­ing limitations
  • adap­tive approaches to counseling
  • coun­sel­ing techniques
  • the four-stage coun­sel­ing process
  • the coun­sel­ing process at a glance
  • the devel­op­men­tal coun­sel­ing form

army counseling program - includes over 250 counseling examples

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  1. SGT Saenz Ralph says:

    I need some exam­ples of coun­sel­ing state­ments to write on two sol­diers for the month.

  2. Davis says:

    I wrote a coun­sel­ing on my sol­dier on 6Oct2011 and it came back. So here it is 24Oct2011 and I have reworte the pre­vi­ous coun­sel­ing. Can give my sol­dier the coun­sel­ing still?

    • When you say the coun­sel­ing came back I am assum­ing that some­one senior in the chain of com­mand found the coun­sel­ing to be sub– stan­dard or felt that cer­tain items were not prop­erly addressed.

      You can give coun­sel­ing pro­vided the chain of com­mand sup­ports your action. I would run the coun­sel­ing by the chain of com­mand before you attempt to coun­sel the Sol­dier again.

      You can rewrite the coun­sel­ing state­ment and sim­ply put a state­ment in the new coun­sel­ing some­thing like: This coun­sel­ing mod­i­fies the coun­sel­ing you received on _____. or This coun­sel­ing doc­u­ments the ver­bal coun­sel­ing you received on ______. Once you have com­pleted the new coun­sel­ing allow the leader that dis­ap­proved the coun­sel­ing to review the new one prior to giv­ing it to the Sol­dier. You should also keep a copy of the pre­vi­ous coun­sel­ing attached to the new coun­sel­ing in case there are ever any ques­tions as to why the coun­sel­ing was rewritten.

      I would also rec­om­mend the fol­low­ing actions:

      1. Approach the leader that rejected the coun­sel­ing and ask them to men­tor you through the coun­sel­ing process on this par­tic­u­lar sub­ject. By doing this they are assist­ing you and becom­ing part of the solution.

      2. If you believe that coun­sel­ing was rejected for other than pro­fes­sional rea­sons, con­sider typ­ing up a mem­o­ran­dum of record that doc­u­ments all the facts and specifics of the event.

      3. Any­time you are typ­ing a new coun­sel­ing that you do not have expe­ri­ence in seek out the assis­tance of a senior leader and ask them to review the doc­u­ment and men­tor you through the new situation.

      Let me know if this helps


  3. Nusselt says:

    How long after an inci­dent hap­pens must a sol­dier be counseled

  4. Nusselt says:

    If one thing on a coun­sel­ing is wrong, does that make the entire coun­sel­ing obsolite?

    • I would say that depends for exam­ple if the you were coun­seled for being late to work and you were not late…then there would be a issue with the coun­sel­ing. On the other hand if you were coun­seled for being late to work and you were in fact late to work but maybe you were only 5 min­utes late but the coun­sel­ing states 15 min­utes, you could indi­cate this in the ses­sion clos­ing block and dis­agree with the coun­sel­ing but it does not change the fact you were late.

  5. SGT J says:

    So I received a new sol­dier two weeks ago, and I’m hav­ing a large amount of issues w/him, PT test fail­ure, dirty sol­dier in gen­eral, he’s over weight, and has sub­stan­tial finan­cial issues, the ques­tion being do I need to do sep­a­rate counseling’s for each inci­dent or can I reflect in it all on the end of the month coun­sel­ing? Say­ing PFC SNUFFY on day xxxxxx you failed a PT test, day xxxxxx you received a ver­bal coun­sel­ing after com­ing to work three times after pt with­out tak­ing a shower, ect… can I put it all on one coun­sel­ing? I’ve been rec­om­mended to put each issue on a sep­a­rate coun­sel­ing form. Thanks for the help.

    • It would be best to doc­u­ment each sig­nif­i­cant issue sep­a­rately. For exam­ple: PT, and over­weight. Then address the per­sonal hygiene issue in the monthly per­for­mance with a recap of the PT and Over­weight. You do not want to beat the guy up you want to cor­rect his per­for­mance and approach this in a pro­fes­sional man­ner. If you are not able to cor­rect the sub­stan­dard per­for­mance you want the chain of com­mand to view your coun­sel­ing as a pro­fes­sional and objec­tive attempt to cor­rect sub­stan­dard per­for­mance. Ensure your coun­sel­ings are pro­fes­sional, fac­tual, and unemo­tional. Address the issue not the per­son. Hope this helps. You can also find loads of coun­sel­ing infor­ma­tion at

  6. Starlite says:

    Hello. I was won­der­ing how long an NCO has to write up a sol­dier after an inci­dent. My hus­band was told on 20July that he is going to have to be writ­ten up for leav­ing his post to take his child to the ER. He tried call­ing the LT he was work­ing with but he didnt answer so he left the mes­sage with his run­ner and left. It is now 24July and still noth­ing. Is there a cer­tain time frame they have to do a counselling?

    • Star­lite,
      There is not time limit. FM 6.22 APP B states the coun­sel­ing should be con­ducted as close to the event as pos­si­ble. Now with that stated and given the infor­ma­tion you pro­vided if your hus­band took the steps you described and he is coun­seled he should very respect­fully accept the coun­sel­ing and then in the ses­sion clos­ing por­tion of the coun­sel­ing state­ment check dis­agree and write a response explain­ing what hap­pened and the actions he took. He should also ask for a copy of the coun­sel­ing state­ment. He is enti­tled to a copy of any doc­u­ment he signs. In most cases that will be enough and more than likely no fur­ther action will be taken. On a side note you can find all types of answers to ques­tions like this on our other site called: The site has 1,000s of answers for sol­diers that are hav­ing dif­fi­cul­ties. When you go to the site sim­ply type in your key­words in the search box and it will bring up all kinds of questions/answers and arti­cles on the sub­jects you are search­ing for. Hope this helped.

  7. king says:

    does a coun­sel­ing need to have a start time and a end time or can the nco just right on there what he wants for your cor­rec­tion train­ing and you will con­tinue that train­ing until he feels you are done or he is “tired” or he says its over

  8. Mike says:

    Is it a require­ment to have monthly coun­sel­ing ‘proof­read’ prior to actu­ally coun­sel­ing the sol­dier (on monthly coun­sel­ing). I have been try­ing to find it in writ­ing for a cou­ple hours now, but to no reveal.

    • There is no require­ment for proof read­ing. How­ever proof­read­ing does pro­vide a super­vi­sor the abil­ity to men­tor and guide inex­pe­ri­enced lead­ers. It also helps to ensure the coun­sel­ing state­ments Sol­diers received are well writ­ten and present a pro­fes­sional image

  9. Sgt q says:

    I just got a sol­dier in from another unit and none of his coun­sel­ing got closed out. What can I do cause he has a board com­ing up and don’t want to make him or me look jack up.

    • SGT Q,
      I would sim­ply con­duct a recep­tion and inte­gra­tion coun­sel­ing and then state in the plan of action that you will con­duct an assess­ment at the 15 day and/or 30 day time period. There is noth­ing you can do about the other coun­sel­ings not being closed out.

  10. croyts says:

    can coun­sel­ing state­ments that are more than 2 years old writ­ten by nco’s that are no longer in the unit be used against a sol­dier after a First sgt already through out the arti­cle 15s and chapters

    • Coun­sel­ing pack­ets are only destroyed after a Sol­dier leaves a unit. Look on the DA Form 4856 and it has dis­po­si­tion instruc­tions. They can use these items to show a pat­tern. If your case was pre­vi­ously dis­missed you should prob­a­bly go see JAG immediately.

  11. Sgt G says:

    I am a new NCO and I am writ­ing ini­ital coun­sel­ings for my sol­diers. In the Plan of Action box can I start the bul­lets with “I will”, or is that against FM 6–22 appen­dix B?

    • SGT G, the plan of action is designed to explain to the Sol­dier how they will achieve the goals you agreed to in the key points of dis­cus­sion. The goal of the Plan Of Action is for these steps to be an agree­ment between you and the Sol­dier. The key is to get the Soldier’s buy in on the Plan of Action. There­fore the Plan of Action com­ments usu­ally sound some­thing like: Sol­dier agreed to, or Sol­dier will. In a dis­ci­pli­nary coun­sel­ing the Plan of Action is usu­ally more direc­tive in nature.
      When it comes to the items you are sup­pose to do in sup­port of the Sol­dier these will be listed under leader respon­si­bil­i­ties. For Exam­ple I will or Leader will

      On a side note FM 6.22 will is sched­uled to be obso­lete on the 26th of Sep­tem­ber 2013. It should be replaced by ATP 6–22.1

      Hope this Helps

  12. SGT V says:

    I am a new NCO and my coun­sel­ings were not ready on the first. I wanted them to be per­fect but now my squad leader is say­ing im fail­ing my sol­diers. Is there a spe­cific date I have to coun­sel my solid­ers? Does it have to be exactly the first of every month?

    • SGT V,
      There is no time require­ment spec­i­fied for E-4 and below coun­sel­ings. The Com­man­der is respon­si­ble for estab­lish­ing a unit pol­icy. Most units estab­lish the 1st of the month as a pol­icy. As a NCO you need to make sure you are com­mu­ni­cat­ing effec­tively with your sub­or­di­nates. Monthly coun­sel­ings usu­ally address issues like: areas to sus­tain and improve upon, upcom­ing events, pro­mo­tion sta­tus, edu­ca­tion, etc. We have devel­oped tools to help young lead­ers such as your­self coun­sel their sub­or­di­nates. I would encour­age you to check out Coun­sel Quick Vol­ume 1. You can find it on as well. This might help you speed up your coun­sel­ing process. The bot­tom line is your coun­sel­ing must be com­pleted on the date spec­i­fied by your chain of com­mand. What I use to do was set aside a page in my note­book for each Sol­dier. Then I would take notes on each of my Sol­diers through­out the month. What they did well, what they failed to do, What they could do bet­ter etc. This allowed me to quickly com­pose my coun­sel­ings and it ensured they were indi­vid­ual coun­sel­ings rather than a cookie cut­ter approach. If you are inter­ested in pro­fes­sional devel­op­ment I would also encour­age you to check out our sis­ter web­site this site shares infor­ma­tion of com­mon top­ics of inter­est to Sol­diers and Lead­ers. It also con­tains an area we call the ARMSROOM. This area is filled with 1,000s of free doc­u­ments includ­ing: classes, brief­ings, SOPs, etc. This is designed to share infor­ma­tion with Sol­diers so they can spend more time lead­ing their Sol­diers and less time with paper­work. Your desire to have per­fect coun­sel­ing state­ments is admirable. How­ever it is just as impor­tant to ensure you meet the dead­lines set by your supe­ri­ors. keep up the good work. Please let us know if you found this post useful!


  13. SGT B says:

    I recently received four new sol­diers from another sec­tion in my unit. If I give them a Ini­tial Cousel­ing when they arrive do I have to give them a monthly coun­sel­ing also

    • SGT B,
      Your ini­tial coun­sel­ing would be their coun­sel­ing for the month. Basi­cally used to set the stan­dard for expec­ta­tions and stan­dards. Many of your Coun­sel­ing and Lead­er­ship Ques­tions can be found on our Sis­ter site We also have a free resource cen­ter on called the Arm­sRoom with 1,000’s of free classess, SOPs and any­thing else you can think of. Please check us out!


  14. ila says:

    Is there a spe­cific time period you need to have an ini­tial coun­sel­ing done by after receiv­ing a new sol­dier (E-4 & below)

    • Recep­tion and Inte­gra­tion coun­sel­ing should be com­pleted within 30 days of arrival. See FM 6.22 Appen­dix B. Soon to be ATP 6.22–1

      Did you find this infor­ma­tion use­ful? We appre­ci­ate your feed­back! You also might find a use­ful site as it addresses 100s of ques­tions like this.

  15. pfc a says:

    Can the plan of action be changed after the DA4856 is signed with­out re doing another one

    • No the plan of action should not be mod­i­fied once the coun­sel­ing state­ment is signed. If the plan of action is changed it should be changed by mod­i­fi­ca­tion in the assess­ment por­tion of the DA FORM 4856 or in another coun­sel­ing state­ment explain­ing the sit­u­a­tion and rea­son for the change to the plan of action.

      For exten­sive infor­ma­tion on coun­sel­ing, lead­er­ship and other pro­fes­sional devel­op­ment issues I would sug­gest you visit

      Did you find this infor­ma­tion use­ful? We appre­ci­ate your feed­back!

  16. SGT S says:

    If a Sol­dier is to be coun­seled for dis­re­spect, is there a time period that the Sol­dier must be coun­seled with in from the time of the incident?

    • No, there is no time limit. FM 6–22 Appen­dix B (Which should come out as ATP 6.22–1 some­time in 2014) states the coun­sel­ing should take place as close to the inci­dent as pos­si­ble. Now with that stated if the dis­re­spect hap­pened 3 weeks ago and you are just being writ­ten up then the chain of com­mand will most likely want to know what caused the delay. If you get a coun­sel­ing you may want to con­sider dis­agree­ing with the coun­sel­ing and writ­ing your state­ment. There is alot of infor­ma­tion about this type of sit­u­a­tion on our sis­ter site I would encour­age you to go to the site and do a key­word search for items like: Coun­sel­ing Time lim­its and dis­agree. I think you will find some valu­able infor­ma­tion on the site. Every­thing is free. Check out the ARMS ROOM while you are there. Every­thing you need from SOPs, Classes, Brief­ings, etc all of it for free.
      Hope this helps!
      Did you find this infor­ma­tion use­ful? We appre­ci­ate your feed­back!

  17. SSG WATSON, M. says:

    I have 18 years in the United States Army and I found your replies to my fel­low sol­diers to be OUTSTANDING! Not only did you address their con­cerns but you gave them con­struc­tive feed­back as well along with ref­er­ence points in the reg­u­la­tion. This is an out­stand­ing site and I will def­i­nitely past it on to my team lead­ers for mentorship.

  18. Soon to be out says:

    I have a unique ques­tion. If my NCO coun­seled me and set up a plan of action, the plan of action was com­pleted to stan­dard; can my LT coun­sel and rec­om­mend UCMJ for the same event that the orig­i­nal was for?

    • Yes, there is noth­ing that pre­vents this. The coun­sel­ing is an admin­is­tra­tive action. The Arti­cle 15 is a puni­tive action. You can receive cor­rec­tive train­ing for an issue and then receive an Arti­cle 15 as well, but you can­not be pun­ished twice for the same offense. Cor­rec­tive Train­ing is not punishment.

      Hope this Helps

  19. area 1 says:

    I have a real good ques­tion. Can you receive a coun­sel for fail­ing a dri­vers test?

    • If we are speak­ing about a mil­i­tary dri­vers license, then yes. If your MOS rea­son­ably requires you to drive a mil­i­tary vehi­cle then the com­mand can coun­sel you for fail­ing a mil­i­tary dri­vers test. Usu­ally they will pro­vide you with cor­rec­tive train­ing to assist you in pass­ing the test.
      If you are speak­ing of a civil­ian dri­vers license, then I would say yes they can coun­sel you but I am not sure of the impact it will have because they do not have the author­ity to direct you to obtain a license. How­ever, as a Sol­dier you are required to be at your appointed place of duty at the appointed time.

      Check out for all of your mil­i­tary ques­tions and free resource center

      Did you find this response use­ful? We appre­ci­ate your feed­back!

  20. Tracy says:

    I was told to find out what the dif­fer­ence is between a ver­bal coun­sel­ing and a spot check and what Reg­u­la­tion cov­ers them. I was ver­bally coun­selled and after the ver­bal coun­sel­ing I received a coin for our mis­sion and then the fol­low­ing day I was wrote up for the offense I was ver­bally coun­selled on. I have been informed that is a form of pun­ish­ing me twice for the same offense because they are going for an arti­cle 15. This is after my lead­er­ship ver­bally coun­selled me and said that“were good”, dur­ing the ver­bal coun­sel­ing. I hope that explains my ques­tion well enough, thank you!

    • There is no dou­ble jeop­ardy here. If you received a ver­bal coun­sel­ing and it is later doc­u­mented as a for­mal coun­sel­ing and you are rec­om­mended for an Arti­cle 15 these are admin­is­tra­tive actions. The Arti­cle 15, if admin­is­tered, would be con­sid­ered pun­ish­ment. Receiv­ing the coin would be a point of mit­i­ga­tion you might bring up dur­ing the Arti­cle 15 to dis­cuss why you should not be pun­ished or pun­ished lightly. Our sis­ter Site has some very spe­cific infor­ma­tion on the Arti­cle 15 process and action you could con­sider. Arti­cle 15 posts on

      Hope this helps

  21. SGT G says:

    I have a Sol­dier who I rec­om­mended for an arti­cal 15, is it required to have a ini­tial coun­sel­ing in his packet from day one he was received in order for the other coun­sel­ings per­tain­ing to the arti­cal 15 to be valid or does this effect the case?

  22. SGT G says:

    I have a Sol­dier who I rec­om­mended for a arti­cle 15, my ques­tion is: is a ini­tial coun­sel­ing from day one needed in his coun­sel­ing packet in order to make the coun­sel­ings relat­ing to his arti­cle 15 valid or can it effect my case if I don’t have it?

    • SGT G,
      You do not need to have an ini­tial coun­sel­ing to rec­om­mend an Arti­cle 15. In fact depend­ing on the issue a coun­sel­ing state­ment might not even be required for an Arti­cle. For exam­ple, let’s say the Sol­dier came up pos­i­tive on a urine analy­sis test. Usu­ally an Arti­cle 15 is pre­pared with­out a coun­sel­ing state­ment. The only item needed for the Arti­cle 15 is the offi­cial doc­u­ment that shows the Sol­dier was pos­i­tive for an ille­gal sub­stance.
      You might find the fol­low­ing site use­ful as it con­tains infor­ma­tion alot of infor­ma­tion for Sol­diers and lead­ers. It also has an area called the Arm­sroom which con­tains free classes, SOPs, etc.

      Hope this Helps

  23. Spckenken says:

    I have an nco that has given me sev­eral coun­cil­ing state­ments and is not turn­ing them into my first sgt but is also giv­ing me a cor­rec­tive train­ing as far as I knew my first sgt was sup­posed to keep track of every coun­cil­ing state­ment and cor­rec­tive train­ing and now my nco is hold­ing it over my head that if I screw up she will give all my coun­cil­ings to my first sgt and get me kicked out for one I see this as black­mail which is ille­gal so I know for sure it should not be done in the army so what can I do about this

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